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Scammers Indicted on Charges of Wire Fraud and Money Laundering

The U.S. Attorney announced that a federal grand jury indicted eleven people allegedly involved in scamming elderly victims out of money by participating in a romance scheme. Homeland Security Investigations, the Federal Bureau of Investigation Dallas Field Office, and the IRS – Criminal Investigation performed an investigation with assistance from multiple other organizations. The large-scale operation resulted […]


Individuals from North Texas Caught in an Alleged Money Laundering Scheme 

A woman, her adult daughter, and a man from North Texas all stand accused of money laundering and other crimes related to a federally funded meal program that was supposed to serve underprivileged students.   News reports indicate that the three suspects in the case allegedly operated a non-profit organization called Helping Others in Need. The […]


Couple Charged With Fraudulently Obtaining COVID-19 Relief Funds

A Liberty County couple has been charged in federal court with filing hundreds of fraudulent loan applications to obtain funds from the EIDL relief program authorized by the CARES Act. Clifton Pape, 45, and Sally Jung, 58, of Cleveland, Texas, are alleged to have operated a scheme called My Buddy Loans to fraudulently obtained COVID-19 […]


San Antonio Oilman Sentenced to Ten Years in Federal Prison on Fraud Charges

Brian Alfaro, owner of Primera Energy, LLC, was sentenced to 121 months in federal prison on November 10, 2020, on mail fraud charges. He was charged with scheming to defraud investors in his company. In addition to his prison sentence, U.S. District Judge Fred Biery ordered that Alfaro pay almost $10 million in fines and […]


What Is a Terroristic Threat Charge in Texas?

Free speech is a bedrock principle of American law. But “free speech” does not give you the right to say whatever you want without restriction or consequence. For example, if you speak threats of physical violence directed against a person or organization, you can be charged with a crime under the Texas Penal Code. Two […]


What are the Penalties for Interfering with an Emergency Call?

Preventing or otherwise impeding a person from making an emergency call is a crime in Texas. Those who are convicted face serious penalties, which is a testament to how seriously Texas takes this offense. Many people end up interfering with an emergency call because they do not even know that this is a crime in […]


What Is Judicial Clemency?

Under Texas law, there are certain cases where a judge may set aside a defendant’s criminal conviction while they are still serving a term of community supervision (i.e., probation). This is informally known in legal circles as “judicial clemency,” although that exact term is not used in the law. As the Texas Court of Criminal […]


Can You Refuse to Testify if Subpoenaed by a Texas Court?

Have you received a subpoena to testify as a witness in a criminal trial or grand jury proceeding? If so, you probably have many questions regarding the law and your rights. For example, can you ignore the subpoena? If not, what are the penalties if you refuse to show up in court and testify? And […]


Moving Out of State While On Probation

In most misdemeanor–and many felony–cases, a defendant is not sent to jail upon conviction. Instead, Texas law allows the judge to sentence the defendant to community supervision, which is more commonly known as “probation” in other states. Probation basically means the defendant remains free, subject to his or her compliance with certain conditions imposed by […]


What is the Difference Between Deferred Adjudication and Straight Probation?

Regardless of whether you are charged with a felony or misdemeanor in Texas, there is an entire range of punishment you may face. The are many factors that influence the outcome of a case, including the severity of the crime, whether certain punishment is mandatory, and mitigating or aggravating circumstances. In addition, an important factor […]